Tuesday, April 07, 2015

Happy Days are Here Again!

"Pretty good. Not bad at all!"

Today, we celebrate 'session' beer across the United States because of what President Franklin Delano Roosevelt did on this day, eighty-two years ago, to lift the spirits of a nation mired in the depths of the Great Depression.

On 7 April 1933, after more than thirteen dry years of national Prohibition, the manufacturing, distribution, importation, and sale of beer had again become legal in the United States.

Well, sort, of. There was a 'small' beer catch. Prohibition remained in effect.

The 18th Amendment to the Constitution never outlawed beer, wine, or liquor, per se. It prohibited the "the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors" [emphasis mine]. To define that, Congress passed additional 'enabling' legislation, the principal bill of which was the National Prohibition Act (commonly known as the Volstead Act, after the Congressman who wrote it). In it, Congress defined "intoxicating beverages" as ANY containing 0.5% alcohol-by-weight or more. All such beverages became illegal on 20 January 1920, the day the 18th Amendment took effect. 1

Thirteen-plus dry years later, Congress didn't actually legalize beer on 7 April 1933 but, prodded by FDR, altered beer's parameters upward. The Cullen–Harrison Act declared, in effect, that alcoholic beverages of up to 3.2% alcohol-by-weight (abw) —or 4.05% alcohol-by-volume (abv)2— were now to be considered as "non-intoxicating." And the President signed the bill into law.

Stronger alcoholic beverages were still prohibited. It wouldn't be until eight months later, on 5 December 1933, that a majority of states would approve the 21st Amendment, finally revoking federal Prohibition.

It may have been 'small' beer poured and drunk across the nation on 7 April, but it was a big, big all-day party starting (or at least legally) at midnight. Anheuser-Busch rushed a dray of its new team of Clydesdale horses to Washington, D.C. to deliver a just-bottled case of 4.05% Budweiser to President Franklin Roosevelt at the White House. (Roosevelt's campaign had included a promise to Repeal Prohibition.) Once there, the drivers found, to their dismay, that other breweries had already been there —including the Abner-Drury Brewing Company of Washington, D.C. and the Yuengling Brewery of Pottstown, Pennsylvania). A delicious defeat, considering future brewing history.

A few miles to the north, Baltimore, Maryland's curmudgeonly scribe, H.L. Mencken, took his first-in-thirteen-years 'legal' sip of beer and un-petulantly declared it, "pretty good —not bad at all." And radio stations across the nation gleefully spun the hit song, Happy Days are Here Again.

So long sad times, so long bad times,
We are rid of you at last.
Howdy gay times! Cloudy gray times,
You are now a thing of the past.

Happy days are here again,
The skies above are clear again.
Let us sing a song of cheer again,
Happy days are here again.

All together, shout it now. There's no one
Who can doubt it now.
So let's tell the world about it now,
Happy days are here again.

Your cares and troubles are gone.
There'll be no more from now on.

Happy days are here again,
The skies above are clear again.
Let us sing a song of cheer again.
Happy days are here again!

Happy Days are Here Again
Milton Ager (music); Jack Yellen (lyrics). 1929.


National Beer Day or Session Beer Day?

Based on that event of 1933, many have renamed 7 April in its honor, as National Beer Day. But other than remembering history, there is indeed another reason to celebrate today.

Beer and whiskey writer, Lew Bryson, began a campaign several years ago to bring flavorful, lower-alcohol beers back to the United States. But he and we don't call such beer 'small' beer, anymore. Now, we call it 'session' beer.

In the 2010s, his and others efforts are bearing fruit, er, beer, as more breweries, every day, are brewing 'session' beers. 3. To celebrate, Mr. Bryson has declared 7 April to be Session Beer Day. A beer doesn't have to be big to be bold.

Meet up with friends today and drink a 'session' beer, or two ... and "all together, shout it now, happy days are here again!"

  • Untappd —a social networking service on which users rate beers as they drink them— played fast and loose the truth yesterday, implying that 7 April 1933 was the day that Prohibition ended. "Rejoice and raise a toast to National Beer Day, April 7th! It was 82 years ago that Prohibition was repealed, opening the doors for America’s great beer revolution." Untappd isn't the only one, however. Every year, someone else seems to trot out the wrong story, including the august Brewers Association which went way wrong in 2007. The story of that: here. Regardless, raise a toast. today, to Session Beer Day! Spread the word on social media: #SessionBeerDay.

  • 1 How could Prohibition even ever have occurred in the first place? Read "Last Call: The Rise and Fall of Prohibition", by Daniel Okrent. It's a fascinating history, and a sober (pardon the pun) reminder to remain vigilant. Two more suggested reads (among several) on American beer history:
  • 2 Modern 'craft' breweries measure alcohol by volume (abv). Thus, 3.2% alcohol-by-weight (abw) is the equivalent of 4.05% alcohol-by-volume (abv).
    Alcohol by weight is a measure of alcohol content of a solution in terms of the percentage weight of alcohol per weight of beer. [...] Alcohol by volume is a measure of alcohol content in terms of the percentage volume of alcohol per 100 mL total volume of beer. [...] For official and accurate determinations, the alcoholic strength of a beer was historically measured or originally reported in percentage alcohol by weight in the United States, with most of the rest of the world preferring percentage by volume. As of 2011, the United States allowed reporting by volume for labelling and certification purposes.
    The Oxford Companion to Beer: Oxford University Press, 2012.

  • 3 What is American session beer? Lew Bryson defines it as:
    • Alcohol level of 4.5% alcohol by volume (abv) or less.
    • Flavorful enough to be interesting.
    • Balanced enough for multiple pints.
    • Conducive to conversation.
    • Reasonably priced.

  • For more from YFGF:

No comments:

Post a Comment

Comment here ...