Thursday, June 22, 2017

SAVOR-ing RE-tox

Since I didn't attend SAVOR, I personally curated my own beer-with-food pairing.

Friday evening retox

Here: a murky tropical-fruit-punch West-Coast (although it might have been Virginia-coast) New-England-style India Pale Ale paired with meatless nachos (let the cows run free).

Because, all things considered, sometimes you just have to RE-tox.


Tuesday, June 20, 2017


Because the national repudiation of Donald Trump must begin ...

Lithuanian-Americans for Lithuanian-Americans Jon Ossoff for Congress
6th Georgia Congressional District

If there, vote today; if elsewhere, continue to #resist.


Sunday, June 18, 2017

Sunday Facebook Checkout (June 2017)

An occasional collection of
short stories on beer and other things,
originally posted to YFGF's companion Facebook page
but not posted here at the blog (that is, until just now).


“What’s happening to US IPA? Has it turned into a sort of fruit punch?”

That was British beer historian Ron Pattinson, recently in Atlanta, Georgia, musing as he sipped (gulped?), there, a pint (!) of Transmigration of Souls, a 10% alcohol-by-volume IPA, brewed by local brewery, Orpheus Brewing.


Some American breweries no longer welcome as sponsors of Great AMERICAN Beer Festival.

At this year's Great American Beer Festival, for the first time, breweries who don’t fit the definition of 'craft brewery' as determined by the Brewers Association will no longer be allowed to purchase sponsorships. Sponsors receive perks such as larger exhibition booths with more prominent placement. "Effective immediately and in support of the BA’s mission and purpose, only breweries that meet the BA craft brewer definition are eligible to be a Featured Brewery sponsor at GABF," according to the BA.

To put things in perspective, last year, the GABF had eight sponsors that will not be eligible this year: 10 Barrel and Breckenridge, which are owned by Anheuser-Busch InBev; Blue Moon and Leinenkugel, which are produced by MillerCoors; Ballast Point, which is owned by Constellation Brands; Lagunitas, which was recently acquired entirely by Heineken; Magic Hat, which is a part of the North American Breweries conglomerate; and Pabst.
  • Original story at Food and Wine (9 June 2017).
  • The [U.S.] Brewers Association does not define 'craft' beer. It does, however, define 'craft' brewery, principally as a measure of annual production.


Beer works

Economic impact of beer industry (2017)

The U.S. beer industry provides jobs to nearly 2.23 million Americans, contributes over $350 billion to America’s economy, and pays $63.5 billion in annual taxes.
  • Brewers and importers directly employ 64,745 Americans.
  • Suppliers to the brewing industry employ more than 491,800 Americans.
  • Beer wholesalers directly employ more than 134,240 Americans.
  • Beer retailers employ 915,700 Americans.
Read more, from Michael Uhrich, chief economist for The Beer Institute.


A CBMTRA thought experiment.

Status of CBMTRA 2017

On 30 January 2017, Senate Bill S.236 —aka the Craft Beverage Modernization and Tax Reduction Act — was (re) introduced in the U.S. Senate by Ron Wyden, a Democratic senator from Oregon. The bill now sits with the Senate's Committee on Finance for consideration.
  • Under current law —the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (!)— a small brewery that produces fewer than 2 million barrels of beer per year pays $7.00 U.S. excise tax per barrel on the first 60,000 barrels it produces. The CBMTRA would reduce that rate to $3.50 per barrel.
  • Once production exceeds 60,000 barrels, the rate is currently $18 per barrel excise tax rate, an industry-wide rate, large or small. The CBMTRA would reduce that rate to $16 per barrel (up to 6 million barrels of annual production).
  • Among additional provisions, the CBMTRA would also expand the list of ingredients that could be automatically included in a beer without prior approval (not including cocoa puffs and dingleberries), and allow breweries to transfer beer between themselves without any additional taxes (think collaboration beers or, in some cases, contract brews).
The graphic above is a slide that lawyer Marc Sorini presented to the recent Craft Brewers Conference. He noted that there were 28 Senate co-sponsors of the CBMTRA (in addition to Senator Wyden). That count was taken at the end of March. As of today, it's almost double that: now, 44 in all. And fairly bi-partisan: 25 Democratic senators, 18 Republican, and 1 Independent.

In the House, Rep. Erik Paulsen [R-MN-3] re-introduced its version of CBMTRA on 30 January. The bill now sits with the House Ways and Means Committee for consideration. In March, there were 109 House co-sponsors of CBMTRA. Now, there are 191, also a bi-partisan spread.

The [U.S.] Brewers Association insists that the excise tax cut of CBMTRA is needed to spur the growth of the 'craft' brewery industry. But...

Concurrently, the BA trumpets the robust growth of its members to a 5,300 historical high count of breweries. Growth which has occurred without a tax cut. Thus, hasn't growth been robust, nay, 'revolutionary,' without? Considering inflation, wouldn't maintaining the beer excise tax rate —$7 for the first 60,000 barrels of beer a brewery produced— which Congress legislated in 1976, be the virtual equivalent of a significant rate cut in 2017, in fact, almost half the 1976 rate?


Something fishy with RateBeer

Anheuser-Busch buys share of RateBeer

Like a bad-news chyron, Anheuser-Busch InBev's purchases of 'craft' breweries and other 'craft' things continue unabated. Blink and you might miss the next one. Unannounced in October 2016, Anheuser-Busch InBev —via its wholly owned ZX Ventures, a "global disruptive growth" investment company— purchased a minority stake in RateBeer —a highly regarded web-based crowd-powered beer-rating service.

RateBeer was founded in 2000 and purchased in 2001 by Joe Tucker, a web-site consultant. As of 2013 (according to Wikipedia), RateBeer had amassed 4.5 million ratings of 200,000 beers, from 16,000 breweries, worldwide.

Official word of that purchase came only on 3 June 2017, and then seemingly only because of the investigative journalism scoop of website Good Beer Hunting.

Tucker's reasons for selling, which he posted to RateBeer, comprised the typical happy-talk that seems cut-and-pasted from all such similar craft-to-corporate sales.
What we’ve found on the other side is a multicultural company that cares deeply about their own employees, cares about the local communities they invest in developing and is taking significant steps to better understand and foster local beer. It’s a great small team in a big company. ZX Ventures has the utmost respect for the integrity of the data and the unbiased service we offer to the entire community and industry. [...] Life at RateBeer will continue as it has. I’ll continue to work writing code, crunching numbers, answering questions, working with our administrators, reaching out to talk to people in the community and planning new features.

The granddaddy of crowd-sourced web beer raters, Beer Advocate (founded in 1996), remains independent. Newer beer rating service Untappd (more a mobile phone service than desktop) was purchased in whole in 2016 by Next Glass, a beer-and-wine rating application. Since its founding, RateBeer has been a trove —through its voluminous and real-time data— of insights and analysis into trends in 'craft' beer.

Caesar's wife must be above suspicion. RateBeer, no wife of Caesar, just fell into a world of doubt. A world that most 'craft' beer drinkers will refuse to enter. Despite its protestations of non-interference, ZX's influence over RateBeer will be a consideration in the minds of 'craft' beer drinkers. Are those scores created by ABIB bots or by ZX (thrice-removed) paid-off bloggers? And then this happened, as reported by Paste Magazine on 14 June:
In Sept. of 2016, RateBeer introduced a feature called “Brewer Rating,” which appears on every brewery’s profile page. The number is meant to be an at-a-glance indicator of how well that brewery’s full lineup of beers has rated; the purest and most simple condensation of which breweries are “good” and “bad” for an average user who isn’t going to deep-dive among the entire lineup of brews. When the system was introduced, and at least into Oct. of 2016, the Brewer Rating of Anheuser Busch-InBev stood at 74/100. Not exactly rosy.

Today, that number stands at 90/100. In the interim, only a superficially small number of new ratings have been added to the brewery—1.3% more reviews, to be precise—which is not nearly enough to reasonably expect them to influence the score from 74 to 90. It at first appears to be a significant 21.6% increase in the overall Brewer Rating, but because the actual range of the scale is 50-100 rather than 1-100 (for reasons we’ll explain shortly), 50 being the lowest possible score a brewery can have, the relative percentage of increase in Brewer Rating is even higher. Taking into consideration that this is actually a 50-100 scale, it’s as if the score changed from 24/50 to 40/50, which is a 66.7% increase since October—which is of course also when AB-InBev happened to invest in RateBeer

Moving forward, RateBeer's impartiality will be in doubt. As writer Steve Body —never one to mince words on his loathing of anything Anheuser-Busch — put it, at his blog, The Pour Fool:
You have just struck a deal with the Devil and NO amount of slick explanation is going to invalidate or blunt the simple FACT that you are now beholden to the very company that is making the most concerted effort – in fact, pretty much the ONLY concerted effort – to hamstring or destroy altogether this culture that has spawned your own personal success, that of the 5000 small, independent breweries that make up the Indie/Craft community, and the happiness and enjoyment we all have lived out for the past 25 years, in watching our beer horizons open wide and carry us up and out of the century+ morass of sameness and forced homogeneity of beer. [...] So, here it is. DEAD. RIP RateBeer, long loved and QUICKLY compromised.


Schadenfreude, not success?

News of YFGF's former bailiwick:
A newly released economic impact study shows that Virginia’s booming beer industry contributes more than $9.34 billion annually to Virginia’s economy. [...] Virginia’s Department of Alcohol and Beverage Control (ABC) has reported 206 active brewery licenses in the Commonwealth, a 468% growth since 2012, when the tasting room bill, SB604, passed the General Assembly. A recent economic impact report by the Beer Institute showed that the Virginia beer industry employed over 28,000 people in production, distribution, and retail, and contributed nearly a billion dollars in state and local taxes in 2016. Excise and sales taxes on beer consumption contributed another $280 million to Virginia’s tax rolls last year.

—This comes from Virginia Craft Beer Magazine online, which weirdly decided to put the emphasis not on the state's success but on that it now comprises more breweries than neighboring state North Carolina. The magazine titled its story, "Virginia surpasses NC with 206 Breweries," reporting that "the North Carolina ABC reports 186 active brewery licenses."
  • The piece pictured Virginia's governor, Terry McAuliffe (in white patterned shirt, NOT holding a beer), during whose administration beginning in January 2014, the story notes, "the number of breweries in the Commonwealth has more than doubled." Not identified are the three people the Governor is standing with and not mentioned is where they are or why (a news story no-no).
  • As an additional reference point: when YFGF moved from Virginia in November 2015, the Virginia ABC listed 127 active brewery license holders.


Like mixing your beer with rainwater and sugar.

Mild & bitter in 1944 London (as an American tasted them)

A fortnight before the D-Day invasion of Nazi-occupied Normandy, France— the Fredericksburg (Virginia) Free-Lance Star published a story by overseas American war correspondent Hal Boyle, one of many for Boyle, who would later win the Pulitzer Prize for his wartime dispatches.

Boyle's dispatch, on 25 June 1944, described the condition of booze in wartime London, England. Gary Gillman, at his blog "Beer et. Seq.", summarized the account. His post —"Blondes, Taxis, and the West End"— includes Boyle's description of what he and the American GIs thought of British milds and bitters.
Seeking to explain mild ale and bitter beer to Americans, Boyle said mild is like mixing your beer with rainwater and sugar. And bitter is like mixing it with rainwater and quinine. (Today he might say the IPA that is the rage around the world is like mixing Bud with vodka and grapefruit juice).

Given that American lager in this period was still fairly bitter, it shows that English beer – pale or bitter ale – easily outstripped it. Since no unusual bitterness was detected in mild ale, one can assume its bitterness was about equal to mid-century American lager.

The weakness of British beer was remarked on, something I’ve discussed before as noticed by an Australian journalist. He stated the government must have pondered long and hard to get the stimulant/austerity balance exactly right. [And Boyle noted that] The American soldier’s reaction was typically popular and idiomatic: it’s like our beer if you drink it and get hit in the head with the bottle.


Saturday, June 17, 2017

Pic(k) of the Week: Donald the Plumber.

Donald the Plumber

In these times when a leak of information can be considered more heinous than the corrosive act that pricked it, I found this refreshing. The beer, that is.

Not knowing Donald the Plumber's political bent, I've redacted his business' phone number from the koozie. But, his name: so timely. Finally, there's someone whom we can trust to find those #@&*^ leakers!


Monday, June 12, 2017

Clamps & Gaskets: News Roundup for Weeks 21/22, 2017.

Clamps and Gaskets: weekly roundup
A bi-weekly, non-comprehensive roundup
of news of beer and other things.

Weeks 21/22
21 May - 3 June 2017

  • 3 June 2017
    The 'Islamic State' terror group claims responsibility for an attack in London, England, as stabbings, gunshots leave at least 7 dead, 48 injured at London Bridge, Borough Market.
    —Via Daily News.

  • 2 June 2017
    Unannounced in October 2016, Anheuser-Busch InBev purchased a minority stake in RateBeer —a highly regarded web-based crowd-powered beer-rating service— via ZX Ventures, a "global disruptive growth" investment company wholly owned by Anheuser-Busch. Official word, however, only came on 2 June 2017, after the aquisition was discovered by website, Good Beer Hunting.
    —Via Good Beer Hunting.

  • 2 June 2017
    One thousand two hundred members in fifty chapters across ten countries: the Pink Boots Society —women in the 'craft' beer industry— celebrated its 10th anniversary, with a convocation in San Diego, California, 2-3 June.
    —Via LA Times.

  • 1 June 2017
    Trump removes the United States from the Paris Climate Change Accord.
    —Via YFGF.

  • 31 May 2017
    Brewing records and why they matter (and how 'craft' beer might be losing its history).
    I’m wondering right now if a concerted effort could be made by the industry to preserve some brewing logs from early craft brewers in a safe place, like a library or a museum, where researchers in the future could go back and learn about the techniques and ingredients being used today. As difficult as it was to research beers brewed in the 1800s, I sadly suspect that 100 years from now, it might be even harder for historians to research the beers that are being brewed today.
    —Via brewmaster Mitch Steele, at Hop Tripper.

  • 29 May 2017
    Frank Deford —an erudite and witty sports commentator and writer, and an advocate for cerebral palsey research— dies, at 78.
    Now, ladies & gentlemen, boys & girls, children of all ages, I bid you goodbye, and take my leave.
    —Via Washington Post.

  • 25 May 2017
    Ice cold beer lacks the exhilarating effect.
    How not to drink beer: advice from Robert Wahl and Arnold Spencer Wahl in 1937.
    —Via YFGF.

  • 24 May 2017
    Maryland Governor Larry Hogan allows 'controversial' House Bill 1283 to become law, but without his signature; notes harm the bill might do to Maryland craft breweries; urges legislature to revise the bill and reform other Maryland beer laws. Nevertheless, Hogan wrote that he was allowing the bill to come law because it would facilitate the plans of international drinks conglomerate Diageo to open a Guinness brewery and visitor center in Baltimore County, "a welcome economic development project."
    —Via Brewers Association of Maryland.

  • 24 May 2017
    To save on the expense and environmental wear-and-tear of beer trucks and kegs, a heavy-metal music festival in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, is installing a temporary underground pipeline to transport 400,000-liters of beer for 75,000 festival-goers. That's over 11 pints per person, in U.S. measure. Headliners to include Alice Cooper, Megadeath, and Marilyn Manson.
    —Via The Local (Stockholm, Sweden).

  • "American Sour Beers" (front cover)
  • 23 May 2017
    Michael Tonsmeire —author of the book, "American Sour Beer: Innovative Tecniques for Mixed Fermentationss"— to co-open a brewery in Maryland, called Sapwood Cellars.
    Expect beers that are balanced, drinkable, and highly aromatic without tongue-scraping bitterness from hops or piercing sourness from mixed-fermentation. Beer should be a pleasure to savor, not a challenge to conquer.
    —Via Tonsmeire, at his blog, The Mad Fermentationist.

  • 23 May 2017
    Southern rocker Gregg Almann dies at 69.
    For decades the frontman of the Allman Brothers Band, a pioneering but conflict-ridden blues-rock collective that modeled its guitar runs on the melodies of Brahms and performed instrumental jams inspired by the improvisational jazz greats Miles Davis and John Coltrane. His vocals bore a rough-edged rasp that Mr. Allman gradually refined into one of the most distinctive sounds in American music: a blend of Tennessee twang, traditional soul and gospel, and a hard-won sense of the blues.
    —Via Washington Post.

  • 23 May 2017
    Roger Moore, the "suave British actor best-known for his tongue-in-cheek portrayal of the dashing British spy James Bond in seven films from 1973-1985" (holding that role the longest of its five actors), has died at 89. Moore initially won a following as character Simon Templar on the 1960s British action-romance series “The Saint.” Moore was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 2003 for his charitable work for UNICEF, helping to raise more than $90 million for a worldwide campaign to eliminate iodine deficiency.
    —Via Washington Post.

  • 23 May 2017
    The good vs. the bad of the big vs. the small whisky distillers: are multinationals good for Scotch whisky? Many in the Scotch whisky industry may find this debate puzzling as there is plenty of respect between the different companies, whatever their size. Yet among consumers there is a growing antipathy towards big corporations.

  • 22 May 2017
    The 'Islamic State' terror group claimed responsibility for a Manchester, U.K. suicide bombing that killed 22 people - including children - and injured at least 59 in an explosion that tore through fans leaving an Ariana Grande pop concert. U.S. President Donald Trump offered condolences, calling the terrorists, "losers."
    —Via Yahoo News.

  • 21 May 2017
    The Federal Communications Commission votes to undo rules protecting net neutrality. Will now allow Internet service providers to block and/or slow down websites for consumers.
    —Via Washington Post.