Thursday, April 25, 2019

VeggieDag Thursday: A few craft brewers fight to protect their principal ingredient — water.

How to clean a river?

"You can’t make great beer without clean water."

Four ingredients comprise most of beer: water, barley malt, hops, and yeast. Of those, water holds the greatest share by far, 95% of beer's makeup, give or take a few percentage points.
Not only is clean water critical for our health and our economy—it’s essential to making a great-tasting pint. That’s why almost 100 breweries have joined the National Resources Defense Council (NRDC) to work to protect the Clean Water Act of 1972. Brewers for Clean Water (BFCW) advocate for measures that safeguard their water sources from upstream pollution and keep waterways clean for their downstream neighbors.

One major fight of the BFCW campaign is to save the 2015 Clean Water Rule, which clarifies the scope of the 1972 Clean Water Act and protects vulnerable waterways from pollution and destruction. Brewers for Clean Water members were instrumental in persuading the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to adopt this important rule. Now they’re working hard to counter efforts to repeal it.
National Resources Defense Council

In March, a group of 59 'craft' breweries, partners in NRDC’s Brewers for Clean Water campaign, sent a letter to both the Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers opposing the agencies’ 'Dirty Water Rule' proposal to slash clean water protections for waterways around the country.
Mr. Andrew Wheeler, Administrator, Environmental Protection Agency
Mr. R.D. James, Assistant Secretary of the Army, Civil Works, U.S. Department of the Army

Dear Administrator Wheeler and Assistant Secretary James:

We oppose your proposal to substantially limit the number of waterways receiving protection under the Clean Water Act. This rule would endanger critical wetlands and streams across the country—waterways that our craft breweries depend on to provide the clean water we use to brew our beer.

Beer is mostly water, so the quality of our source water significantly affects our finished product. Compounds present in brewing water can affect pH, color, aroma, and taste. Sulfates make hops taste astringent, while chlorine can create a medicinal off-flavor. The presence of bacteria can spoil a batch of beer. Even small chemical disruptions in our water supply can influence factors like shelf life and foam pattern.

Unexpected changes in water quality—due to pollution in our source water, or a change in the treatment process at our local drinking water plant—can threaten our brewing process and our bottom line. We need reliable sources of clean water to consistently produce the great beer that is key to our success. It is thanks in part to this important natural resource that the craft brewing industry contributes about $76.2 billion to the U.S. economy each year, along with more than 500,000 jobs.

For years, craft brewers have been asking for more clean water protections, not fewer. We supported the 2015 Clean Water Rule because it helped protect the sources of drinking water for 117 million Americans from pollution and destruction, providing certainty that we would continue to have access to the clean water on which our livelihoods depend. Importantly, that rule was based on sound science. The record showed that the waters it protected had biological, chemical, and physical connections to larger downstream waterways.

This proposed rule, to the contrary, ignores the overwhelming scientific evidence that protecting small streams and wetlands is essential to ensuring the quality of America’s water sources. It would prohibit applying federal pollution-control safeguards to rain-dependent streams and exclude wetlands that do not have a surface connection to other protected waters. It also invites polluters to ask for even greater rollbacks, such as eliminating protections for seasonally-flowing streams.

We strongly oppose these proposed changes, which would affect millions of miles of streams and most of the nation’s wetlands. Science shows that protecting these waters is important to downstream water quality. We must maintain clear protections for the vulnerable waterways that provide our most important ingredient.

We are depending on you not to roll back the safeguards established under the Clean Water Act. Protecting clean water is central to our long-term business success. Moreover, it is vital to the health and the economy of the communities where we live and work.

Thank you for considering our views on this important matter.
The 59 brewery signatories to this letter.

Kudos to these brewers.

Nevertheless, there are over 7,300 'craft' breweries in the United States. One wonders why only fifty-nine were concerned enough about their prime ingredient that they would sign this letter. Or why the signature of their industry representative, the [U.S.] Brewers Association, is absent.

VeggieDag Thursday
VeggieDag Thursday is an occasional Thursday post
on an animal-free diet and on environmental and ecological issues.

  • The list of signatories:
    • Allagash Brewing Company (Maine)
    • Alliance Brewing Company (Tennessee)
    • Andersonville Brewing (Illinois)
    • Asheville Brewing Company (North Carolina)
    • Avery Brewing Company (Colorado)
    • Bang Brewing (Minnesota)
    • Blue Point Brewing Company (New York)
    • Brewery Techne (Pennsylvania)
    • Brewery Vivant (Michigan)
    • Brooklyn Brewery (New York)
    • Bull City Burger and Brewery (North Carolina)
    • Clinch River Brewing (Tennessee)
    • Corridor Brewery & Provisions (Illinois)
    • Cypress and Grove Brewing Company (Florida)
    • DryHop Brewers (Illinois)
    • Earth Bread + Brewery (Pennsylvania)
    • Engrained Brewery & Restaurant (Illinois)
    • Fiddlin’ Fish Brewing Company (North Carolina)
    • Flossmoor Station Brewing Company (Illinois)
    • Forest City Brewery (Ohio)
    • Founders Brewing Company (Michigan)
    • Fremont Brewing (Washington)
    • Grand Rapids Brewing Company (Michigan)
    • Great Lakes Brewing Company (Ohio)
    • Greenstar Organic Brewing (Illinois)
    • Half Acre Beer (Illinois)
    • Half Moon Bay Brewing Company (California)
    • HopCat (Michigan)
    • Horse & Dragon Brewing Company (Colorado)
    • Lakefront Brewery (Wisconsin)
    • Land-Grant Brewing Company (Ohio)
    • Lost Rhino Brewing Company (Virginia)
    • Maine Beer Company (Maine)
    • Maui Brewing Company (Hawaii)
    • Naked River Brewing Company (Tennessee)
    • New Belgium Brewing (Colorado)
    • Odell Brewing Company (Colorado)
    • Old Bust Head Brewing Company (Virginia)
    • One World Brewing (North Carolina)
    • Revolution Brewing (Illinois)
    • Right Brain Brewery (Michigan)
    • Rising Tide Brewing Company (Maine)
    • Rolling Meadows Farm Brewery (Illinois)
    • Sailfish Brewing Company (Florida)
    • Saltwater Brewery (Florida)
    • Sanctuary Brewing Company (North Carolina)
    • Sierra Nevada Brewing Co. (California)
    • Sleepy Dog Brewery (Arizona)
    • Smartmouth Brewing Company (Virginia)
    • Starr Hill Brewery (Virginia)
    • SweetWater Brewing Company (Georgia)
    • Temperance Beer Co. (Illinois)
    • Two Brothers Brewing Company (Illinois)
    • Upslope Brewing Company (Colorado)
    • Wild Onion Brewery (Illinois)
    • Wild Wolf Brewing Company (Virginia)
    • Wolf Hills Brewing Company (Virginia)
    • Wrightsville Beach Brewery (North Carolina)
  • About the Clean Water Rule:
    The Clean Water Rule is a 2015 regulation published by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) to clarify water resource management in the United States under a provision of the Clean Water Act of 1972. The regulation defined the scope of federal water protection in a more consistent manner, particularly over streams and wetlands which have a significant hydrological and ecological connection to traditional navigable waters, interstate waters, and territorial seas. It is also referred to as the Waters of the United States (WOTUS) rule, which defines all bodies of water that fall under U.S. federal jurisdiction. The rule was published in response to concerns about lack of clarity over its scope from legislators at multiple levels, industry members, researchers and other science professionals, activists, and citizens.

    The rule has been contested in litigation. In 2017 the Trump administration announced its intent to review and rescind or revise the rule. Following a Supreme Court ruling on January 22, 2018, that lifted a nationwide stay on the rule, the Trump administration formally suspended the rule until February 6, 2020. The administration published a proposed rule [the so-called 'Dirty Water Rule] on February 14, 2019, that would revise the WOTUS definition.
    (I would normally provide a reference to a direct source. In this case, not so. The Trump administration has scrubbed information from the websites of many of its agencies, particularly when concerning the environment and climate science.)
  • This post originally appeared on YFGF's Facebook page (albeit in slightly shorter form) on 22 April 2019, the 49th annual observance of Earth Day.

  • Why the name VeggieDag Thursday? Here.
  • Read all the posts: here. Follow on Twitter with hashtag: #VeggieDag.
  • Suggestions and submissions from chefs, writers, and home-cooks welcomed! Contact me here.

  • For more from YFGF:

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